Sam, de auteur van deze blog, is één van de Vives Electronica & ICT stagiairs die bij ons een Internet of Things project voorbereiden in het kader van hun eindwerk.
De principes rond IoT (continue flow van informatie) sluiten perfect aan bij onze JIT 2.0 methode. Ideaal dus om het IoT principe en de mogelijkheden ervan wat nader voor te stellen.
In deze (engelstalige) blog legt hij uit wat IoT precies inhoudt, de basisprincipes. In een van de volgende blogs kunnen we een tipje van de sluier oplichten en voorstellen welke indrukwekkende IoT projecten hij en Wouter precies gaan realiseren.
The Internet of things (IoT) is the network of physical devices (also referred to as “connected devices” or “smart devices”). These devices are embedded systems with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data.
The “Internet of Things” (IoT) may sound complex, but is actuality a fairly simple concept to understand. On a very high level, IoT is the ability for things that contain embedded technologies to sense, communicate, interact, and collaborate with other things, thus creating a network of physical objects. In recent years this concept has gained enormous momentum, and is now one of the most talked about things in the world of technology today. At this rapid rate of growth, it is projected that there will be approximately 26 billion connected devices by 2020.
Internet of things is a part of Industrie 4.0
The term “Industrie 4.0” originates from a project in the high-tech strategy of the German government, which promotes the computerization of manufacturing
Industry 4.0 is the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. It includes cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things and cloud computing.
Start with your existing IT assets and build upon them. Add a few new devices, connect them to the cloud, and enable them to talk to each other, to your employees and to customers. Transform your business by utilising the data those devices generate with business intelligence tools to have deeper insight into what your customers and employees want and need.
The Internet of Your Things starts with identifying the one process, product line or location that matters most to you, then making small changes for big impact. Connect robots on the factory floor with back-end systems and create a production line with more continuous uptime. Add expiration dates to the data set for pharmacy inventory and save thousands of pounds in wasted medications. Connect one handheld device to your inventory system; suddenly, you’ve got real-time customer service on the sales floor. The Internet of Things doesn’t have to be overwhelming — a few key improvements can make a big difference.
Connecting devices and systems can help you save minutes from a user’s login process, hours from restocking inventory, or days from routine system upgrades and enhancements. When data flows seamlessly between devices and through the cloud, you can access and use it more efficiently than ever before. That means spending less time pulling reports, and more time creating new services and products based on your new insights.
Practically, most IoT networks are based and correspond to the following block diagram.
In this diagram we have 5 major blocks that are needed for a IoT network.
First of all there is “Data captation”. This is usually an embedded system that, by sensors, can detect and store the physical parameters of the environment.Or, Data can also be obtained from external sources such as feeds in XML format or twitter messages, etc.
in step 2 there is communication. Captured Data should be able to be transported through one way or another by the embedded systems. Data transmission in IoT usually requires low power consumption. This can be achieved with a LoRa or a Sigfox network.
with the communication method, data comes in the platform. This platform can be viewed as the engine of the total IoT network. There are currently several companies that offer IoT platforms like Azure (from Microsoft) of AWS (Amazon), Google, … .Usually in these platforms, SDK comes provided, in order to be able to use the necessary protocols and data formate.
The second last part is data analytics. This part is mostly aviable in the standard platform. With data analysis, it is possible to go from the large amount of data to create a global model from which conclusions or actions may be determined. Here is machine learning and business intelligence strongly pushed to the forefront.
Last, there is the Visualisation part. It is self-evident that something needs to be reached with the IoT network. This can be a visual interface for users in which real-time data is displayed, and history that can be viewed. For example to push immediate reaction to actuators to prevent problems in a machine.
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Het activeren en versnellen van informatie zet mensen aan het denken. Dat leidt tot innovatie.